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Golden Ratio

The golden ratio is a concept that can be used to create good looking compositions in photography and digital art.

The golden ratio, sometimes referred to as the divine proportion, golden mean, or golden section, is a compositional rule dating back to antique times. The golden ratio can be seen in the nature and is used to create visually appealing artwork in the classical art, photography, videography and digital art.

What is the Golden Ratio?

The golden ratio, also known as the golden section, golden mean or divine proportion, is a special number that approximately equals 1.618. You can find the golden ratio when you divide a line into two parts and the longer part (A) divided by the smaller part (B) is equal to the sum of (A) + (B) divided by (B), which both equal to golden ratio.

Golden Ratio
Golden Ratio

The golden ratio is represented by the Greek letter Phi (φ). Human brain is hard-wired to prefer objects and images that use the golden ratio subconsciously. Even tiny tweaks that make an image closer to the golden ratio have an impact on the human brain.

Golden Rectangle

If you proportion sides of a rectangle according to the golden ratio you create a golden rectangle. Most people seem to find these compositional proportions of a golden rectangle aesthetically pleasing.

Golden Rectangle
Golden Rectangle

How to Use the Golden Ratio in Photography and Design

1. Editing and Resizing Images

The golden ratio is a useful guideline for calculating dimensions of the layout. For example, if width of an image is 1200 pixel, you may divide it by 1.618 and resulting 742 (pixel) will be the height.

2. Composition of the Images

The golden ratio can help create a composition that will draw the eyes of the viewers to the important elements of the photo. Simple way to crop images via the golden ratio is to use the rule of thirds. It is not as precise as the golden ratio but it will create a good effect.

3. Digital Design

The golden ratio can help create good effects while designing websites, logos and even typography. You can divide your website pages into two or three parts using golden ratio.

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